Best Practices for Creating Accessible Websites: Compliance with WCAG 2.0/2.1

It is essential to ensure that your websites are accessible to everyone, including people with disabilities. Creating accessible websites not only promotes inclusivity but also complies with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0/2.1, which are widely accepted international standards for web accessibility.

In this article, we will explore the best practices for creating accessible websites and complying with WCAG 2.0/2.1. Let’s dive in!

Why Accessibility Matters

Accessibility is all about making sure that people with disabilities can access and use websites just like anyone else. It’s about creating a level playing field, ensuring equal access to information and services, and promoting inclusivity online.

Did you know that around 15% of the world’s population has a disability? That’s a significant portion of potential website users who may face barriers when accessing websites that are not designed with accessibility in mind. By making your website accessible, you are not only complying with legal requirements but also reaching a wider audience and providing a better user experience for everyone.

Best Practices for Creating Accessible Websites Compliance with WCAG 2.02.1

Understanding WCAG 2.0/2.1 Compliance

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are developed and maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), and they provide a set of standards for creating accessible web content. WCAG 2.0 was released in 2008, and it has been widely adopted and implemented by many organizations. WCAG 2.1, the latest version, was released in 2018 and includes additional guidelines to address new technologies and user needs.

WCAG 2.0/2.1 is organized into four main principles: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable, and Robust (POUR). Each principle has a set of guidelines, and each guideline has a list of success criteria that websites must meet to be considered accessible.

Best Practices for Creating Accessible Websites

Now that we understand the importance of accessibility and the guidelines provided by WCAG 2.0/2.1, let’s explore some best practices for creating accessible websites.

1. Provide Alternative Text (Alt Text) for Images

Images play a crucial role in web design, but they may not be accessible to people who are blind or have low vision. By providing alternative text (alt text) for images, you can ensure that screen readers can describe the content of the image to users who cannot see it. It’s important to be descriptive and convey the meaning of the image in the alt text.

2. Use Semantic Markup

Semantic markup refers to using HTML elements in a way that conveys the structure and meaning of the content. This helps screen readers and other assistive technologies understand the hierarchy and relationships between different parts of the content. For example, use appropriate heading tags (H1, H2, H3, etc.) for headings, and use lists, paragraphs, and other HTML elements correctly.

3. Create Descriptive Links

Links are an essential part of web content, but they can be confusing for users who rely on screen readers. Instead of using generic terms like “click here” or “read more” for links, use descriptive text that clearly indicates the destination of the link. This helps users understand the purpose of the link and makes it easier for them to navigate through the content.

4. Ensure Color Contrast

Color contrast is important for users with visual impairments who may have difficulty distinguishing between different colors. Make sure that the text color and background color have enough contrast to be easily readable. WCAG 2.0/2.1 provides specific guidelines for color contrast ratios that you should follow to ensure accessibility.

5. Provide Keyboard Accessibility

Not all users can rely on a mouse or touch screen for navigating websites. Some users may have mobility impairments that prevent them from using a mouse, and they rely on keyboard navigation. It’s important to ensure that all functionality on your website can be accessed and operated using only the keyboard. This includes forms, menus, and other interactive elements.

6. Use Captions and Transcripts for Multimedia

Multimedia content, such as videos and audio, may not be accessible to users who are deaf or hard of hearing. Providing captions or transcripts for multimedia content ensures that the information is accessible to all users, regardless of their hearing ability. This also benefits users who may prefer to view content without audio, such as those in a quiet environment or those with cognitive disabilities.

7. Test with Assistive Technologies

One of the best ways to ensure accessibility is by testing your website with assistive technologies, such as screen readers, voice recognition software, and keyboard-only navigation. These tools simulate the experience of users with disabilities and can help you identify and fix any accessibility issues. It’s important to regularly test your website with different assistive technologies to ensure ongoing accessibility.

8. Provide Clear and Consistent Navigation

Clear and consistent navigation is crucial for all users, including those with disabilities. Users should be able to easily understand and navigate through your website. Use descriptive labels for buttons and links, and ensure that the navigation is logical and intuitive. Avoid using complex or ambiguous navigation menus that may confuse users, especially those who rely on screen readers or keyboard navigation.

9. Use Plain Language

Using plain language in your website content makes it accessible to a wider range of users, including those with cognitive disabilities or limited literacy. Avoid using jargon, technical terms, or complex language that may be difficult to understand. Use simple and concise language, and provide explanations or clarifications when necessary.

10. Provide Contact Information for Accessibility Concerns

Finally, it’s important to provide contact information on your website for users to report any accessibility concerns or issues they may encounter. This shows your commitment to accessibility and allows users to provide feedback, which can help you identify and address any accessibility barriers on your website.


In conclusion, creating accessible websites is not only a legal requirement but also a vital aspect of promoting inclusivity and providing a positive user experience for all users. By following the best practices outlined above and complying with WCAG 2.0/2.1, you can ensure that your website is accessible to everyone, including users with disabilities. Let’s work together to create a more inclusive and accessible web for all! If you have any questions or need assistance with website accessibility, feel free to contact us. We’re here to help!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

WCAG stands for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, which are a set of guidelines developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to ensure that web content is accessible to people with disabilities. WCAG 2.0/2.1 compliance means that a website meets the accessibility requirements outlined in these guidelines, making it usable and accessible to all users, regardless of their abilities.

Web accessibility is important because it ensures that websites can be accessed and used by all users, including those with disabilities. It promotes inclusivity and equal access, allowing everyone, regardless of their abilities, to participate fully in the digital world. Moreover, web accessibility is not only a legal requirement in many countries but also helps in creating a positive user experience for all users, leading to increased user satisfaction and engagement.

There are several tools and techniques available to test the accessibility of your website. You can use automated tools such as accessibility validators, screen reader simulators, and keyboard testing tools to identify any accessibility issues. It’s also important to conduct manual testing with actual users who have disabilities to gain insights into their experience with your website. Regularly reviewing and testing your website for accessibility will help you identify and fix any issues and ensure ongoing compliance.

Some common accessibility issues to watch out for include lack of alt text for images, improper color contrast, inaccessible forms, complex navigation menus, lack of keyboard accessibility, and absence of captions or transcripts for multimedia content. It’s important to be aware of these issues and take proactive measures to address them to ensure that your website is accessible to all users.

Yes, you can make your existing website accessible by following the best practices and guidelines outlined in this article. While it may require some effort and investment, it’s important to prioritize accessibility and make necessary updates to ensure that your website is inclusive and usable by all users, including those with disabilities.

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